Weight-Loss Surgery Better Than Diet and Exercise in Treating Type 2 Diabetes, Study Finds
Trial finds evidence that bariatric surgery beats lifestyle changes in resolving condition involving high blood sugar.
– The study only looked at 69 people
– The specific type of diet and exercises were not clarified
– Exercise and diet participation was not monitored
Proper nutrition and training is the best and most effective way to help with conditions such as diabetes and obesity. Long term success is achieved when positive changes have been made over a significant period of time thus causing positive adaptions to body chemistry over time.
There is only one factor in which surgery can help alongside proper nutrition and training to improve diabetes and obesity.
“The types of bacteria in the guts of obese individuals differ compared to those in thin individuals. These surgeries are known to change the types of microbes. But until now no one really knew whether the microbes in gastric bypass patients changed because they got thin, or if the patients became thin because the microbes changed.
In the study, after performing gastric bypass surgery on about a dozen obese test animals, researchers observed the characteristic loss of body fat, and it stayed off even when the animals were fed a diet that should have resulted in weight gain.
Researchers then took fecal samples from these animals and performed fecal transplants on another group of non-obese animals that were specially bred to not have any gut flora. Fecal transplants help reestablish a healthy population of microflora in guts that are lacking in these beneficial bugs. This second group of animals lost 5 percent of their weight in just two weeks, without any changes in their diet.
This was considered a significant amount of weight loss because typically, these sterile-gut animals always gain weight when they are given any type of gut flora.
When researchers took a more in-depth look, they found that following gastric bypass surgery, there was a decrease in intestinal pH and an increase in bile acid concentration. (It also appeared that there might have been some hormonal changes as well.)
The correct pH is necessary for the digestion of protein, and bile acid is required to assimilate fat—and both are necessary for energy production. The primary reason we even consume food in the first place is to obtain energy. And when your body senses that the available energy is less than ideal, it tries to stabilize matters by storing fat.”
So the moral of the story is that bariatric surgery could potentially be a valuable tool for someone looking to make positive health changes in their life. However, proper nutrition and training will yield the greatest amount of success. So therefore anybody looking to positively change their health, including obese individuals and individuals suffering from diabetes, should learn to train and eat properly first. Once initial success is achieved and you have spent significant time and effort in the areas that will yield the greatest amount of success, then surgery can be looked at as a tool to further progress your body chemistry.